Graham Hancock Magian’s of the God’s Lecture

This is a recap of what I gathered from a lecture given by Graham Hancock in support of his new book. The quotes are all from memory, dates, names and other information was cross referenced in Graham Hancock’s incredible new book Magicians of the Gods.

Graham Hancock

The lecture was at the University of Minnesota in a nearly sold out room. It began with Dennis McKenna, expressing his personal interest in Graham’s work. He honored Satha, Grahams Wife, who has put her life into Graham’s journalism. She goes to the sites, dives underwater and takes photographs, without her none of this would have been possible. Dennis Mckenna spoke of Graham Hancock’s continued resolve to put forth exciting and controversial theories which show that ancient advanced civilizations existed at least 5,600 years earlier than previous thought. He has studied the scientific evidence for 30 years and recent discoveries conclusively show that an ancient advanced civilization existed at the end of the ice age, 11,600 years ago.

graham hancock pic

Graham Hancock

Graham came to the podium and set the stage with a polite apology about only having had 2 hours of sleep two consecutive nights. Then he set forth to deliver a powerful 3 hour presentation rewriting human history without one break or sip of water. He began with a video of himself and Zahi Hawass a leading Egyptologist, speaking in Egypt. They were at a lecture in which the two were scheduled to each give a presentation and then debate. Zahi Hawass refused to debate and refused to witness Graham’s lecture. In The Q and A section an audience member asked Hawass about Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, which is the earliest confirmed display of human civilization setting advanced human culture back to 9600 BC. Embarrassingly Hawass had never heard of it. Then the moderator who was also an Egyptologist stepped in and explained the discovery of this site. Why would Hawass be so blindly opposed to hearing new information about the history of human culture and the new understanding of cataclysmic world changing events recently discovered by mainstream science? Graham said, “This is what we are up against.”

The Magicians of the Gods lecture began like a college history lecture and the timeline of human history was projected on the screen. His talk was focused on 12,800 -11,600 years ago also known as 10800 BC – 9,600 BC. This time is known as the Younger Dryas cooling period. This is when the global temperatures suddenly dropped for 1,200 years and then just as rapidly the temperatures shot up. In traditional history advanced human civilization only began 5,000 years ago but with the discovery and carbon dating at Gobekli Tepe it is now known that civilization began at least 11,600 years ago at the ending of the Younger Dryer cooling event.

younger dryas

Graham continued to the next slide with no pause; the Younger Dryas Cooling event was caused by a comet impact event of massive proportions. A comet broke up in the earth’s atmosphere striking multiple times leaving characteristic sediment and ash layer in the soil across the entire northern hemisphere of the Earth. The primary point of impact was in the North American ice sheet and ground zero was in Washington State.


Shows areas where comet impact craters have been found from the Comet impact which began the global cooling event. This image is from

This created massive destruction and flooding. The impact broke up the ice sheets covering the northern hemisphere and giant glaciers entered the ocean. This dropped the temperature of the ocean and water levels raise was up to 400 Kilometers in some areas; the global rise in water levels submerging many ancient sites and changing the map of the globe dramatically. This stopped the Gulf jet stream causing global cooling plunging the world into a dramatic drop in global temperature which would last 1,200 years. Cataclysmic flooding would go on for just a matter two to three weeks with high speed water carving the Earth. This wiped out a large area of land and any living thing in the area. In the aftermath many part of coast line remain submerged up to this day.


Graham Hancock believes that during, before and after this event there was advanced human civilization which was destroyed by the comet impact and global temperature change. The hunter gather societies continued to survive around the world following the impact. Graham says it’s possible that humans with advanced knowledge from the city centers survived and traveled out to other areas to spread their knowledge and preserve their traditions.


There is evidence which suggests that many ancient sites may have been misdated or misinterpreted because of the established theory that civilization began 6,000 years ago. With this assumption in mind researchers would have excluded evidence which suggested otherwise. The greatest example of this is the Sphinx in Egypt. There is mounting evidence which shows that this structure in older than previous thought because of water erosion on the stone on and around The Sphinx. The erosion pattern shows heavy rain fall which could only have been possible if it was built between 11,000 – 12,800 years ago during the Younger Dryas cooling event or before. The older date for the Sphinx was thought impossible by archaeologists because there was no other known civilization at that time, but now we know an ancient civilization existed 11,600 years ago in Gobekli Tepe, Turkey.

gobekli tepe 1

Gobekli Tepe, Turkey

Mysterious thing about the Gobekli Tepe in Turkey is the highest craftsmanship and most impressive artwork are the oldest in the site. The site was abandoned 1000 years after it was started and finished with the lowest quality of arts and architecture. Perhaps this is due to the influence of an already established high civilization which came in and introduced the area to megalithic building techniques and agriculture. This concept supports the human diaspora from city centers caused by comet impact proposal.

Gobekli-Tepe 2

Gobekli Tepe

If comets did destroy human civilizations in the past is it possible that it could happen again. In fact, a comet came dangerously close to Earth on October 31st 2015 and was only spotted 20 days before passing the Earth. The comet was as close to the Earth as the Moon. The comets which have wreaked havoc in the past are part of the Taurid Asteroid Belt and this comet in 2015 was also part of this asteroid belt. We pass through this debris field twice every year and due to the movement of the solar system through space we are moving into more and more dangerous territory within in this debris field.


Taurid Asteroid Belt

This is supported by a team of astrophysicists exploring the dangers of comet impacts on Earth. Currently, the governments of the world devote very little money or attention to preventing comet impacts on Earth. Perhaps, the whole earth can work together to stop a common enemy, namely, the comets and we can avoid the fate of our ancestors. Graham repeated that he does not want to be a messenger of apocalyptic warnings but is merely suggesting that people should be interested in preventing this kind of cataclysm from occurred in the future and pointed out that we have the technology to prevent comet impacts but the program has a very small budget. Then he said, “In the end all that matters is love.” He received a standing ovation!

The Q and A section was brief after a three hour presentation. He commented on the level of knowledge that is hidden within the geometry and trigonometry of the ancient sites. These sites hold with-in them both astrological knowledge outlining the movement of the planets, constellations and even the long cycles of the procession of the equinox or the infamous wobble in the Earth’s rotation. He admitted that to this day he has no idea how it was possible for these ancient civilizations to move and cut the massive building stones sometimes weighing upwards of 900 tons. He speculated that a technology mediated by consciousness could have been developed. He spoke about his optimism for the future and attributed it to the young people of the world who no long trust authority figures who are controlling our minds and lives for the purpose of increased control and power.

Anderson Debernardi - magic-serpents

Anderson Debernardi – Magic Serpents

Graham ended the lecture with a powerful statement about visionary plants and their transformative power. A woman asked, what can we do to help improve the world and Graham responded, “Ayahuasca lots of it, in heavy doses… We need to raise our consciousness and visionary plants have played an important part in that…” This is all paraphrasing from memory but he then said, “It is uncanny how this Ayahuasca has emerged from the jungle and spread around the globe at just the point in time when the Amazon is facing near total destruction and the Earth’s ecosystem is being challenged in new and dangerous ways.”

Incredible, The Magicians of the Gods reveals even more about the comet impact and ancient civilizations!

Personal Spiritual Quest: Psychedelic Spirituality, Shamanism and Yoga

Personal Spiritual Quest: Psychedelic Spirituality, Shamanism and Yoga.

Alpha Centauri By Luke Brown. Multi-media.

Alpha Centauri By Luke Brown. Multi-media.

The spiritual quest has been at the core of everything I have done in my life. Spirituality is the examination of who we are personally and expansively and why we are on Earth and what we can do about it. Although I have only reached 31 years of life on Earth I have continuously followed my own spiritual path. I have spent time with many spiritually wise persons from many cultures around the world and studied hundreds of books and resources on world religions. There is a universal message between the teacher’s and that is respect for all life, humility and the conversation between you and the divine is a personal conversation.

In my experience there is no need to cling hard and fast to one branch of a specific tradition and stick with it for life. This kind of specificity is common in many spiritual and religious individuals but this kind of commitment may not be required to develop profound respect for life, humility and to remember our connection with infinity.   Each person has an individual path which only they can traverse. That path can include in-depth commitment to some particular teaching, study or community. The path can also be creative and highly individualized mixing and blending the wise words from cultures and intellectuals around the world into our own personal context.

The important thing is that whatever practice is important and meaningful to you is the thing to do. The power in any practice is our focus and intention. The personal connection to what you are doing and the reason for doing it is what gives it the power to transform our body, mind and open our spiritual reality. Our destiny is a field of possibility which is affected by our past, present and future and the choices we make. There are many practices which can help to develop personal control over our mind and this can increase the potency of our practice. The shamans of Peru remind us that we dream reality into being in every moment. The master Yogis say we must learn to control the mind and body to find stillness and transcend into infinity. Rolling Thunder a North American indigenous medicine man says that the preliminary step to study become a medicine person is the ability to recognize any bad thought and put it out like the flame of a candle.

There is certainly a connection between the body, mind and spirit. In advanced yoga they are instructed to withdraw all the senses into the body, then to withdraw the mind into the heart to still all thought then in that heart cave we can hear the voice of the divine. This kind of bodily control extends into the extraordinary feats like being able to change heart rate, brain wave pattern, body temperature and to stop the breath all together for extended times (do not try at home). However, these accomplishments are but dangers along the path as they distract us anyway from the deepest reality and stir our thoughts. The way these yogic masters accomplish such feats is through a systematic practice which revolves around understanding and affecting the flow of life force or prana which is behind everything in existence.

The life-force concept is seen in cultures around the world and it is said to be the transcendent force which is also the fabric of existence. This force flows through the body as blood, oxygen, lymph, energy, the nervous system electrical current, the DNA, the whole vibrational spectrum of human existence. The shaman, yogis and mystics each use the life force as a way to deepen their awareness linking the body and mind into the realms of spirit. This life force can bring us into another dimension far beyond what is familiar in normal waking consciousness. The universe imagined and unimagined is united in life force and we are intrinsically linked to all existence through this ever present stream of life.


The mystical visions of the transcendent realms are not common in literature produced by European culture in the last 1000 years or so, perhaps due to religious fundamentalism which lead to the death of millions. Even with-in that context saints with-in the Catholic Church still experienced divine ecstasy. In recent history American and European cultures have begun integrating these kinds of transcendent experiences back into their lives. Through the practice of meditation, yoga, shamanism, creativity and sometimes spontaneously people will slip into the realms beyond material reality and gain an overwhelming ecstasy they describe as sacred. Psychedelics are a major player in this shift in perspective as these ancient medicines link us back to the prophetic visions of paradise.

Parallel to those stories is the unbroken lineage of indigenous communities around the world who have long held traditions which evoke spiritual ecstasy through nature, community and ingestion of plants. Nature is the gospel to these communities and many hold a long tradition of using sacred plants. All life is sacred but there are some plants which are particularly helpful to human spiritual well-being. These plants have been called entheogens (‘invokes the divine’) and psychedelics (Mind manifesting) in the West. These entheogen plants are sacraments in a spiritual tradition which is cross cultural and goes back to the beginning of human kind and even involves the Neanderthals. This cross cultural shamanic tradition holds the spirits of the plants to be their primary teachers. The plants show them what to do and the spirits do the doctoring when healing. One could say there is an intelligent life force associated with the plant and through honoring it we gain access to the worlds of consciousness inhabited by the plant spirit or intelligence. This other realm is known as the otherworld, spirit world and the realm beyond death.

This shamanic tradition is at the root of all religions as it predates organized religion by thousands of years. Nature is been the living presence of the divine and through nature humanity can gain great knowledge and wisdom which is applicable to holistic well-being. In ancient India the spiritual culture which one can call shamanic yoga or pre-hindu religion is at the root of current spiritualism. This ancient shamanic tradition also spoke of the devis or spirits with-in each plants, rock, and drop of water (from the Rig Veda oldest known spiritual text in human history). It also used ritual, trance and plants to transcend.

There is a foundation in human consciousness which is drawn to this world of spirit and this ancient imprint is left from millions of years of evolution and is still present and active in humans. The shaman, the yogis, the Buddhists all utilize practices which focus intention, bring greater awareness to the unseen forces in life and utilize states of extraordinary consciousness.

Today in the scientific community psychedelic plants like marijuana, MDMA, LSD, psilocybin (magic mushrooms), DMT and Ayahuasca are showing tremendous promise as healing medicine in the right setting. These studies started in the 1940’s stopped in 1970’s and started again in the 1990’s. These studies show that these psychedelic substances which have been taboo and illegal are the most effective treatment known for certain “untreatable” kinds of PTSD. The interesting thing about these studies is that many subjects who gain extraordinary healing do so by going through a mystical experience of the sacred. They describe transcending into the hands of god, being united with all life, all is light, or communicating with divine intelligences like angels, aliens or other spirit beings.

The direct spiritual experience or the mystical experience is the basis of most spiritual traditions. In many cultures around the world the demonization of psychedelics never occurred and they have a long history of using these plants as healing tools and as spiritual teachers in the context of their medicine ways and community. The beautiful thing that is occurring now in Peru for example is the communication between Westerners and Indigenous medicine people because of the sacred plant medicines especially Ayahuasca. Many of these shaman are not able to continue their lineage of knowledge as in the old days with modern transportation and children looking for lives beyond the fast disappearing jungles. This pressure is allowing much of this body of knowledge to be brought to scientifically minded contemporary peoples with jobs and lives outside the ancient forests.

Jehua Supai  - Featured in the book 'The Ayahuasca Visions of Pablo Amaringo' by Howard G Charing &; Peter Cloudsley

Jehua Supai – Featured in the book ‘The Ayahuasca Visions of Pablo Amaringo’ by Howard G Charing &; Peter Cloudsley

Ayahuasca is important for another reason because DMT is one of the primary psychoactive neurotransmitter in the brew. DMT is produced in the human body naturally as well. This important link is highlighted by the fact that pure DMT causes people to go into a kind of lucid dream state where they go to parallel dimensions of existence. These explorations into these parallel dimensions often involve connection with infinity, spirt beings, crystal cities and more. For more on this Pablo Amaringo’s artwork and Rick Strassman’s book DMT Spirit Molecule are great resources.

Spirituality is now developing a new language through which to understand these most dynamic and ethereal questions. Rick Strassman PH.D has put forth the term Theoneurology meaning, “The brain is the agent through which God communicates with humans (Strassman 2014).” Research into psychedelics is revealing what happens in the brain during mystical states of consciousness. The term psychointegrator has been proposed by Luis Edwuardo Luna and others to describe psychedelic plants because studes and brain scans show psilocybin causes nearly 100 times more interconnection between various regions of the brain. Furthermore, under the influence many regions of the brain become less active leading to the theory that the brain is a filter for the overwhelming stimulus around us and when it is calmed the brain integrates and can experience the divine.

We are headed toward a new understanding of spiritualism and to a great degree we can see how racism and religious persecution continues to hinder spiritual development to this day. Does using a non-harming plant medicine in a ritual setting for spiritual or religious reasons constitute and illegal act or should it be protected citing the constitution. The answer is for some its legal for others it is illegal. This paradigm is going to have to change in order to uphold the constitution and to live in a democratic society which accepts diversity and cross cultural communication. Freedom of religion cannot exist without protecting sacred land and without free access to plant medicines.

hasam hisim - 1

hasam hisim – 1


In all this we are to find our own way to the spiritual heights we seek. This can only be done by following that which supports our lives and is meaningful to us. When a prayer or a practice feels meaningless it is not worth doing because the passion of your soul is not in it. Do not however fall into the trap that says the spiritual path should be easy because it is not. Many times when we are closest to god we are in fact suffering. Many people deprive themselves of enjoyable things simply to suffer to come closer to god like fasting, sundance or a psychedelic ceremony.

Alex Grey is an example of a spiritualist who has followed his vision to become one of the world’s most well-known painters. He has gone as far as to say that he honors the direct spiritual experience and mystical visions by making art; thus his art is sacredly inspired and is his deepest prayer to humanity and the divine. Others have found they can share their teaching through mediation, offering the healing arts, music, raising a family, pursuing a spiritual life and bettering the world.

There is no model upon which to build our personal inner temple but rather we have to build it and explore the territory with our own determination. With practice, concentration and non-judgment we can learn anything in life and develop a personal spiritual tradition informed by what inspires and moves us. The mystical union with the divine is not always the focus of our practice, however, the ever flowing divine life force is inseparable from who we truly are.


Tantric Marriage By: George Atherton

Tantric Marriage By: George Atherton

By: Transpersonal Spirit



Strassman, Rick,   DMT Spirit Molecule: A Doctors Revolutionary Research into the Biology of Near-Death and Mystical Experiences. Park Street Press. Rochester, Vermont. 2001.

Strassman, Rick, Slawek Wojtowicz, Luis Eduardo Luna and Ede Frecska. Inner Paths to Outer Space: Journeys to Alien Worlds Though Psychedelics and Other Spiritual Technologies. Park Street Press Rochester, Vermont. 2008.

Strassman, Rick. DMT and the Soul of Prophecy: Anew Science of Spiritual Revelation in the Hebrew Bible. Park Street Press. 2014.

Grey, Alex. Net of Being. Cosm press. 2012.

Rolling Thunder. Rolling Thunder Speaks A Message for Turtle Island. Clear light Publishers Santa Fe NM, 1999.

Swami satyananda Saraswati. Kundalini tantra. Yoga publication trust, Meunger, Bihar, India. 1984, 2007. all writing by Nathan P Rose. 2011 – 2015.

Reishi Mushroom

Ganoderma Lucidum

Reishi is Japanese for “divine” or “spiritual mushroom”, the word is derived from rishi which means a wise sage.  In China its known as Ling Chi, Ling Chih, Ling Zhi or “tree of life mushroom”. The most common name for this mushroom is the mushroom of immortality because of its ability to bring health. Reishi was associated with royalty, health, recuperation, longevity, sexual prowess, wisdom and happiness. The Reishi is often portrayed in Asian art work alongside the wise sages as a symbol of longevity. The myth and lore about the Reishi stretches back thousands of years.

This mushroom is available today for us all. It can be taken in tincture, tea or capsules. The dried Reishi mushroom should be cooked in water at a high heat for 30 minutes to 2 hours to get the full potency. The tea tastes earthy and a little sweet it is nice with honey. The mushroom is used by herbalists in tonic soups and teas and has a long history of use by ancient sages and spiritual masters of Asia as it aids is calming the mind and opening the energetic pathways of the body.

The dried Reishi mushroom can be made into a tincture by adding the mushroom into a mason jar filled with brandy or vodka. Shake the sealed jar daily with healing intentions in mind and wait 3-12 months. In the end you can filter out the mushroom and use a 1/16 to 1/8 of a teaspoon or a dropper full in hot water (180 Degrees) to boost immunity and promote longevity.

Description: Polypore with a hard, woody, shiny, varnished appearance. The spores, mushroom body and the mycelium are all medicinal and used in herbal preparations. Found worldwide. Active constituents: Has a wide variety of active components, including alkaloids, proteins, amino acids, polysaccharides (including Beta-D-glucans), ergosterol and other sterols, triterpenes, neucleotides (including adenosine), volatile oils, minerals, vitamins and lipids. Uses: Athletic performance: Enhances oxygenation of the blood, reducing and preventing altitude sickness in high altitude mountain climbers. Cardiovascular health: Lowers cholesterol levels, reduced blood and plasma viscosity in a controlled study of patients with high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Immune enhancement: Potent action against sarcoma, stimulates macrophages and increases levels of tumor-necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukins. Immunopotentiation: Anti-HIV in in vitro and in vivo animal studies; protects against ionizing radiation. Liver health: Reduced liver enzyme levels (SGOT and SGPT) in hepatitis B patients. Respiratory health: in studies 60-90% of 3,000 patients with chronic bronchitis showed clinical improvement, especially older patients with bronchial asthma as it aids in regeneration bronchial epithelium (bronchial tract lining). Supports individuals with cancer. Miscellaneous uses: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory; liver detoxification and protective actions.

Mushroom Cafe Mural at COSM in Upstate NY.

Scientific research about Reishi’s medicinal properties: It is directly active as a anti-microbial (Suay et al. 2000) Reishi primarily functions as a biological response modifier, stimulating production of macro phages (often due to interleukins-1, -2, -6, -10) activation the host’s production of natural killer cells, T cells and tumor-necrosis factors. More than 100 distinct polysaccharides and 119 triterpeniods have been isolated (Gao 2002), These triterpenoids and polysaccharides demonstrate immuno-modulatory properties. Can be good for bronchitis, asthma, and allergies (Hirotani and Furuya 1986; han et al 1998; Zhu et al 1999). Has been shown to limit the in-vitro growth of Meth-A and LLC tumor cell lines (Min et al. 2000) and cervical HeLa cells (Zhu et al 2000). It strongly stimulates the activity of T-lymphocytes (Bao et al. 2002). Natural killer T cells were significantly augmented when cancer cells were co-cultured with human spleen cells (Ohtomo 2001) Slivova and colleagues reported Reishi inhibited breast cancer cell adhesion, reducing motility and migration of highly metastasized cancer cells. Reishi’s polysaccharides caused a 5 to 29 fold increase in the tumor-necrosis factors, interlukins -1 and -6 and a substantial augmentation of T lymphocytes (Lieu and other 1992). polysaccharides of Reishi significantly inhibited the growth of leukemia (U937) cells. This mushroom also restricts tumor angiogenesis. (Lee and others 2001) found that Reishi prevents oxidative damage from the effects of cancer chemotherapy. Reishi has a Beta-Glucan from the mycelium enhanced the production of nitric oxides from macrophages but decreased other free radicals and the collateral harm they cause to healthy cells (Han et al. 198; Li et al 2000; Zhou and Gao 2002). Tumor necrosis factors (Alpha TNF’s) were released by macrophages 8 hours after exposure to derivatives of mushroom polysaccharides targeting cancerous cells, followed 4 hours later by a burst of nitric oxide, which then killed the diseased cells.

The antioxidant properties of Reishi have been well established (Chang and But 1986; Chen and Zhanga 1987; Wang et al. 1985; Yang et al. 1992; and Lee et al. 2001) and thus provides a powerful antioxidant effect. Reishi can play an important role in minimizing the effects of aging by reducing damage from oxidative stress associated with free radicals. Constituents including Lanostanic triterpenoids have been shown to be anti-inflammatory (Ukai et al 1983) in the treatment of arthritis (stavinoha et al. 1990, 1996; Lin et al. 1993; Mizuno and Kim 1996; Lee et al. 2001). Mushroom inhibited platelet aggregation and gave positive results in treatment of atherosclerosis (Tao and Feng 1990). Significant results were obtained in a clinical study in the treatment of prostate inflammation (Small et al. 2000). Zhang (2002) isolated an bioactive glucose-galactose-mannose sugar that enhances lymphocyte activity and immunoglobulin. Reishi helps respiration, since this species enhances the oxygen absorbing capacity of the alveoli in the lungs, thereby enhancing stamina (Chang and But 1986). Andreacchi and others (1997) demonstrated that Reishi increased coronary flow due to vasodilation, with a corresponding decrease in diastolic blood pressure and no change in heart rhythm.

By: Transpersonal spirit

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Nanba, 1994. “Anti-diabetic activity present in the fruit body Grifola frondosa (Maitake).” Biol. Pharm. Bull. 17, 8: 1106-1110. Kim, B.K., H.W. Kim and E.C. Choi, 1994. “Anti-HIV effects of Ganoderma lucidum.” In Ganoderma: Systematics, Phytopathology & Pharmacology: Proceedings of Contributed Symposium 59 A,B. 5th International Mycological Congress. Vancouver. Kahlos, K. et al., 1996. “Preliminary tests of antiviral activity of two Inonotus obliquus strains”. Fitopterapia 6 (4) 344-7. Ikekawa, T., N. Uehara, Y. Maeda, M. Nakanishi, F. Fukuoka, 1969. “Twenty years of Studies on Antitumor Activities of Mushrooms”. Cancer Research 29, 734-735 Hattori, M., 1997. “Inhibitory effects of components from Ganoderma lucidum on the growth of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the Protease Activity” in Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Ganoderma lucidum in Japan, Nov. 17-18th, 128-135. Tokyo. Furusawa, E., S.C. Chou, S. Furusawa, et al. 1992. “Antitumor activity of Ganoderma lucidum, an edible mushroom, on intraperitoneally implanted Lewis lung carcinoma in synergenic mice. Phytotherapy Research 6: 300-304. Ebina, T. and K. Murata, 1994. “Antitumor effect of intratumoral administration of a Coriolus preparation, PSK: inhibition of tumor invasion in vitro.” Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 21: 2241-3 Collins, R.A., and T.B. Ng, 1997. “Polysaccharopeptide from Coriolus versicolor has potential for use against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection” Life Sciences 60(25): PL383-7. Chihara, G. et al., 1969. Inhibition of mouse sarcoma 180 by polysaccharides from Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing. Nature 222: 637-688 Chen, W.C., D.M. Hau, C.C. Wang, I.H. Lin, and S.S. Lee., 1995 “Effects of Ganoderma lucidum and Krestin on subset T-cell in spleen of gamma-irradiated mice.” American Journal of Chinese Medicine. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 23(3-4): 289-98 Adachi, Y., M. Okazaki, N. Ohno, and T. Yadomae, 1994. “Enhancement of cytokine production by macrophages stimulated with (1—3)-beta-D-glucan, grifolan (GRN), isolated from Grifola frondosa. Biol. Phar. Bull. Dec; 17(12)1554-60. Adachi, K. et al., 1987. “Potentiation of host-mediated antitumor activity in mice by B-glucan obtained from Grifola frondosa (Maitake)” Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 35:262-270. Adachi, et al. 1988. “Blood pressure lowering activity present in the fruitbody of Grifola frondosa (Maitake). “Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 3: 1000-1006. Adachi, Y., N. Ohno, M. Ohsawa, S. Oikawa, T. Yadomae, 1990. “Change of biological activities of (1—3) beta-D-glucan from Grifola frondosa upon molecular weight reduction by heat treatment. “Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. Feb; 38:(2):477-481. Zhou, A.R., 1987. “Studies on antitumor activity of Tremella polysaccharides.” J. Beijing Med. Univ. 19: 150-. Weil, A. 1993. “Boost immunity with mushrooms.” Natural Health, May-June, pp. 12-16. Weil, A., 1997. “Miraculous mushrooms.” Dr. Andrew Weil’s Self Healing Newsletter, May, 1997.

American Primitive and Raga Folk Guitar

American Primitive guitar and raga guitar.

American primitive is a style of guitar which emerged starting in the 1950’s with Elizabeth Cotton and John Fahey. It was known as “primitive” a term inspired by the French impressionist painters. Primitive refers to developing an unconventional style and taking a non-academic path of study with the art form. The American Primitive style blends folk and blues into primarily instrumental compositions. The finger picking style evolved to blend the dissonance from blues, the fingering of folk music and a flavoring of Indian classical music.

American Guitarists John Fahey, Elizabeth Cotton, Robbie Basho, Leo Kottke, and Peter Walker inspired the newly emerging renaissance of this guitar style. This American Primitive style of guitar also involves a number of English guitarists John Renbourne, Bert Jansch, Davy Graham and Michael Chapman’s solo guitar pieces are prime examples.   The various musicians each made unique contributions to the development of this diverse style, each with their own emphasis on folk, blues, ragtime and raga.

Today there are more Guitarists influenced by or playing in the American Primitive style then ever before. It has reached into the avant-garde, folk, blues, jazz, ragtime, new age, world and fusion music. Artists sometimes referred to as the new American Primtivists Jack Rose, Steffen Basho-Junghan, Daniel Bachman, Glenn Jones, Ben Chasney, Sir Richard Bishop, Steve Gunn, Alexander Turnquist, Bill Orcutt, Paul Metzger have all advanced the style in their own unique direction.

The most striking feature of this movement was not the integration of folk and blues which lays its foundation but the new integration of classical Indian musical structure known as the raga into the compositions, often called American raga or folk raga. Ravi Shankar was responsible for introducing many Americans and Europeans to Indian raga. As one of India’s greatest musicians his story is essential to the American primitive movement and its fusion with raga.

Ravi Shankar was born in April 7th 1920. He was born in a privileged family and studied music and arts from a young age. His Father and brother both moved to Paris in the 1930’s and Ravi soon followed. He went to school and studied in Paris where he began to play music publicly at the age of 13. He was instrumental in building the bridge between European and Indian music. In 1956 Ravi Shankar released his American debut album “Three Ragas”. He was a teacher to American guitarist Peter Walker, George Harrison of the Beatles, Phillip Glass and Anoushka Shankar (his Daughter) amongst others.

Ali Akbar Khan is known as one of the greatest sarod players in Indian history. His first 12″ LP arrived in 1955, that same year Yehudi Menuhin, world class classical violinist, invited Khan to play at MOMA in New York. He would later play at the concert for Bangladesh with George Harrison and his brother in-law Ravi Shankar. Peter Walker would study with Ali Akbar Khan for a brief time.

In 1957 Elizabeth Cotton was playing a primarily blues style which laid the foundations for the coming American primitive movement. Elizabeth Cotton played in an unique style and had many instrumentals which blended folk and blues. Her influence on the coming generations of guitar players has been greatly under appreciated.

John Fahey was the most notable guitarist to develop the New American style with a recording in 1959 under the name Blind Thomas later that year he would record “Blind Joe Death” both were later reissued on his own Takoma Records in 1964. Takoma Records became a label which brought this new guitar sound into the public attention. Many of the tracks on these albums were unique in picking style and in composition bring together folk and blues.

1963 Davy Graham released his debut album “The Guitar Player” and the following year released the classic “Folk, Blues and Beyond.” Davy Graham like Fahey blended folk and blues into intricate finger picking patterns.

Davy Graham – Folk Blues and Beyond

1963 Sandy Bull releases “Fanstasias for Guitar and Banjo” which incorporates many middle eastern tonal structures on guitar and banjo.

Rabbie Basho was a major influence in this style born in 1940 with the name Daniel Robinson Jr would not begin playing guitar until college. “Daniel Robinson Jr. Once enrolled at the University of Maryland, he made a rapid transition from barrel-chested jock to cosmic beatnik to 12-string innovator self-styled in honor of a 17th-century Japanese poet (2). ” Over a two-decade career, his songs morphed from raga-style instrumentals to Native American tributes that featured Basho’s distinctively challenging vocal style (2).” Basho played the 12 string guitar in a way which had a meditative atmosphere. He transcended east and west with a transcendent sound which has had influence on new age composition. His vocal styling is not often mentioned because it is operatic and warbling which was incorporated only after his first few releases.

Robbie Basho Seal of the Blue Lotus

In 1962 Daniel Robinson (Robbie Basho) would hear Ravi Shankar for the first time. This introduction to the music of India had a major effect on Basho and many other guitarists who evolved this style.

In 1965 Basho releases his debut albums, “The Seal of the Blue Lotus” and “The Grail and The Lotus” on Takoma Records and they become true classics.

“Blind Joe Death” by Fahey is reissued on Takoma Records.

Bert Jansch released his first solo album “It don’t bother me” and “Bert Jansch” in 65’. These albums featured skillfully styled blues guitar with an English folk flavor and impressive finger picking.

John Renbourne also hits the scene with a solo album. Renbourne developed a classical English folk style using compositions from the renaissance and infusing that with blues and eastern raga influence. At points in his career he would employ the sitar, tanpura, and tablas (Indian drums) on his recordings. In 1966 Bert and John release a duet album which features incredible guitar playing. That same year Bert and John would begin to form The Pentangle.

1966 Ravi Shankar meets George Harrison and Harrison brings Indian music to the world in the following years. Harrison brought Ravi Shankar to play at music festivals and on American tours. Harrison took on the task of learning the sitar and even included Indian inspired music on The Beatles album “Revolver” and “Sargent Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band.”

1966 Peter Walker’s album “Rainy Day Raga” was a breakthrough album blending folk, and Indian raga. Peter Walker was born in 1937 in Boston MA. In the early 1960’s “during a stint in San Francisco he heard the legendary Ravi Shankar perform and Walker’s lifelong fascination with Eastern raga was formed, along with his like passion for the flamenco tradition(6). ” “He studied with Ravi Shankar for a time in Los Angeles and also studied with Ali Akbar Khan in San Francisco. Returning to the Boston area, he became a regular on the 1960’s Cambridge and Greenwich Village folk scenes, where he became close friends with guitarist Sandy Bull and the tragic folksinger Karen Dalton(6).”

His debut album “Rainy Day Raga” is best described in the linear notes by Walker: “American raga, or as Bob Shelton of the New York Times calls it, American folk raga – the word raga is used because of the association with Indian classical and folk music, employs the Indian concept of starting with a drone, then a melodic line based on the scale, then weaving, reweaving, and interweaving the melodic line so that a freely improvised piece is constructed… Then when the melody line has been inserted I feel free to improvise, based on emotion…The music reaches a fusion point, and a sound is produced like running brook water with the improvisations like bubbles flickering over the surface. Then the piece must be closed out. (7).” A critic wrote “Peter Walker – tall, thin, dark haired, and intense – is an exciting young guitarist and creative musician who through his own playing, and as a musical director for Timothy Leary’s “Celebrations” is giving a new direction and a new sound to American “folk” music today. (7).”

1968 The Pentangle releases their first album “Sweet Child” immediately followed by the amazing albums “The Pentangle” and “Basket of Light.” The same year Incredible String band released “Hangman’s Beautiful Daughter” and “Wee Tam” featuring Robin Williamson and Mike Heron. These albums are hippie psychedelic folk with whimsical charm and eastern raga-acid-folk embellishments. Green Crown is a notable track which is a wonderfully psychedelic raga folk song the likes of which have yet to be recreated.

Takoma Records released Minneapolis based Leo Kottke’s second album “Circle Round the Sun” in 1970 which sold well (3). The rare and classic band Magic Carpet released its one and only self-titled album which infuses sitar into folk music.

Leo Kottke – Circle Round the Sun

In 1972 Glenn Jones is introduced to John Fahey in high school. (2)

1973 Ravi Shankar and Ali Akbar Khan release “Ragas” a stunning double disc LP featuring two of India’s greatest musicians.

On Feb. 28 1986, Robbie Basho dies on a chiropractor’s table in Berkeley after an “intentional whiplash” procedure causes several blood vessels in his neck to burst.

At the same time thirty-three-year-old guitarist Steffen Basho-Junghans first hears Basho’s music while living in East Berlin. “I discovered it with a German-licensed release of the first Windham Hill guitar sampler from 1981… About five or six months later, I got a message that Robbie died nearly at the same time that I was discovering him.” Throughout the 1980 to present day Steffen Basho-Junghans has been playing in the raga folk style. He was born in 1953 in Germany and toured extensively and developed a guitar festival in Berlin. In the 2000s he began releasing solo guitar albums which display incredible musical talent, creativity and impeccable skill. One of the most refined and polished integrations of folk and raga in meditative form. Steffen added Basho to his name out of respect and to honor his fallen musical hero’s legacy.

1992 Pandit Debashish Bhattacharya, a world renowned Indian musician, had his first major album release. He transformed “the Hawaiian slide guitar into a more Indian instrument, adding chikaris and sympathetic strings, and eventually coming out with a 24-string instrument based on the old Hawaiian six-string. This is universally regarded as the highest form of the slide guitar’s development anywhere, making Bhattacharya one of the masters of the instrument, especially when considering his amazing abilities in playing Indian forms on it (19).” Bhattacharya is one of the greatest musicians I have ever witnessed play on stage.

”In 1997 “Twenty-seven-year-old musician Jack Rose hears Fahey’s 1974 LP “Fare Forward Voyagers (Soldier’s Choice)” on WUVT FM in Blacksburg, VA. “Basically that record was the blueprint for me on how to merge Asian and American country blues into a raga form,” he says. “When I first heard it I thought the entire record was improvised. Later I found out ‘Thus Krishna on the Battlefield’ was improvised, but that the…title track was completely composed (2).”

In 1998 Ben Chasny released his first album under his moniker Six Organs of Admittance. This was the same year the Chasny first heard a cassette of Peter Walker’s “Rainy Day Raga” and it deeply influenced his guitar playing. He would go on to make many albums evolving the psych folk, psych rock, American primitive and raga guitar styles as well as noise and avant-garde.

1998 Sir Richard Bishop released his first solo album “Salvador Kali.” He was a founding member of the experimental rock outfit the Sun City Girls and has continued his love of eclectic musical styling. His albums range from the avant-garde, jazz, blues, folk, world music, raga, ragtime and free form improvisations.

February 22, 2001, John Fahey left his body for the unknown expanse.

Jack Rose released his first homemade CD-r in 2001.

In 2003 Chesny (Six Organs of Admittance) would release “For Octavio Paz” a solo guitar album which is a gem in the instrumental American Primitive style and one of two solo guitar albums (7).

Six Organs of Admittance – For Octavio Paz

In 2003 “James Blackshaw, a young musician from Kent, England, puts out his debut, “Celeste”, a CD-R of pastoral acoustic-guitar numbers with an initial run of 80 copies. “Discovering Robbie Basho was a real turning point for me,” Blackshaw says, “and to call him influential with regard to my own work is an understatement. Much more so than Fahey, even. (2).”

Cloud of Unknowing

James Blackshaw – The Cloud of Unknowing (2007)

2004 Glenn Jones released his first solo album, “This is the Wind That Blows It Out.” Before going solo he was a member of the group Cul de Sac which collaborated with John Fahey on one of their albums. Glenn is a student of the “Takoma style” and plays a clean and beautifully melodic guitar and banjo pieces (8).

2004 Jack Rose releases a pair of debuting albums, “Two Originals of Jack Rose” on the Beautiful Happiness label and “Raag Manifestos” on VHF. Jack Rose got his start in the avant-garde electronic noise-punk band Pelt most known for their double CD “Ayahuasca.”

2004 Meg Baird comes to the surface with the band Espers, a Philadelphia based psych folk ensemble featuring Greg Weeks, Helena Espvall and Otto Hauser. The group first appeared in 2002 and released 3 full length albums. Which include intricate finger picked guitar styling with a heavy psychedelic folk influence. Meg Baird would later release solo albums and collaborate with her sister Laura Baird to form The Baird Sisters.

Until You Find Your Green (Grapefruit Record Club)

The Baird Sisters – Until You Find Your Green (Grapefruit Record Club)

2005 “Kensington Blues” by Jack Rose also released on the label VHF is a masterpiece in the American primitive style with many raga influenced pieces.

Jack Rose – Kensington Blues

2005 Minneapolis based musician Paul Metzger releases “Three improvisations on Modified Banjo.” This album is filled with meditative long form arrangements for a 21 string modified banjo built by the artist himself. The album integrates folk, jazz with a heavy middle eastern, raga influence and Japanese Bouzouki music. Glenn Jones stated in Minneapolis that this album is a large part of what inspired him to take up the banjo. Paul Metzger is currently creative director for Nero’s Neptune a Minneapolis record Label run by Mark Trehus which releases limited edition records by Metzger and other artists.

Paul Metzger – Three Improvisations on Modified Banjo

2006 Scot Ray releases “Scot Ray participated for three albums with Bill Barrett (chromatic harmonica), on dobro & acoustic slide-guitar as a duo under the name of Gutpuppet. As far as I know, this is his first solo-release. Here he plays dobro, 6 & 12 string dreadnaught and the 22 string chaturangui, -the Indian guitar designed by Indian master Debashish Bhattacharya (17).”

2007 Alexander Turnquist emerges releasing his debut album “Faint at the Loudest Hour.” His music is more meditative using harmonics and integrating that into landscapes of swelling echoes.

Alexander Turnquist – Like Sunburned Snowflakes

Steve Gunn released his debut solo album “Sundowner.” Based in Brooklyn, New York he began as a hardcore metal musician in high school who loved Indian music. His recent releases show a blend of singer songwriter with American Primitive guitar. Some albums long formed and experimental with others more or less song based.

Jack Rose died on December 4, 2009, of a heart attack, he was 38 years old. This was a major loss as Jack Rose brought many musicians together and was an outspoken member of an otherwise quite group of guitarists.

2010 Daniel Bachman releases his first album on cassette called “Feast of Green Corn” on Mirror Universe Tapes (12). Daniel would go on to release several albums which feature the American primitive style. He often leans in the blues direction on many of his pieces but in the 2010’s is ever more integrating eastern influenced guitar.

2013 Glenn Jones releases “My Garden State” a really wonderful album recorded by Laura and Meg Baird.

Steve Gunn puts out two albums “Time Off “(2013) which is more song based approach with interesting songs and really enjoyable guitar which reflects influence from the 1960’s rock to American Primitive guitar. Steve Gunn and Mike Gangloff’s album “Melodies for a Savage Fix” which explores drones and raga folk and blues with 20 minute tracks.


Daniel Bachman’s “Orange County Serenade” (2014) plays like a thesis on the American primitive guitar including all the best of raga, blues and slide in original compositions.

Daniel Bachman – Orange Co. Serenade

Recommended listening:

American Primitive and raga guitar influences and highlights-

Ravi Shankar- India’s Master Musician (1963)

Robbie Basho – Seal of the Blue Lotus(1965) Reissued as Guitar Soli.

Peter Walker – Rainy Day Raga (1966)

John Fahey – Fare Forward Voyagers (Soldier’s Choice) (1973)

Ravi Shankar and Ali Akbar Khan –Ragas (1973)

Six Organs of Admittance – For Octavio Paz (2003)

Jack Rose – Kensington Blues (2005)

Paul Metzger – Three improvisations for Modified Banjo (2005)

Steffen Basho-Junghans – late summer morning (2006)

Michael Chapman – Trainsong: Guitar Compositions 1967 – 2010 (2010)

Glenn Jones – My Garden State (2013)

Steve Gunn – Time Off (2013)

Article By: Transpersonal Spirit


  2. The Cosmos Club

Turtle sex, chiropractic death, and peyote under the pillow:a year-by-year account of American primitive guitar

By David Dunlap Jr. (there are many factual errors in this article!).

  4. Peter Walker. Rainy Day Raga (stereo). Originally released Vanguard Records Santa Monica Ca. 1966. Reissued with addition notes on Harte records 2008. Linear notes.


Forest Intelligence

Forest intelligence

The Ancient forests are magnificent and becoming ever more rare. They are the source of the most diverse array of life on the planet. These ancient forests are the lungs of the earth making oxygen and consuming carbon. When we look into old growth forests there are massive trees, soft ground netted with roots, plants, insects, animals and mushrooms. The canopy overhead makes a green sky with sun light twinkling through the leaves.

The largest trees in the forest are called mother trees, grandmother trees by many indigenous groups. These ancient trees can be hundreds and in some cases thousands of years old. In that time they have propagated many younger trees who will someday take their place as a mother tree. The mother tree makes a network which sustains the other organisms in the forest. Plants are not just competing against one another but working together in families and communities in reciprocal and symbiotic relationships.

Suzanne Simard says the secret to the life of the forest is in the soil. Two thirds of the forest is in the soil and only one third is above ground. Now they are finding that the plants work together in a network and community. The whole forest is a system communicating with the other organisms in the ecosystem. The plants transfer nutrients, hormones, water, nitrogen, phosphorus, pesticides and many other things through a vast underground network of roots and primarily through Fungi. The forest floor is like a superhighway transporting all kinds of goods and communication between plants.

The fungi make a mycelial network throughout the forest floor. When we think of fungi in the forest we think of the mushrooms. These mushrooms are a small part of the actual organism, the main body is a vast network of mycelium a thin white root structure in the soil. Under a single foot print i n an ancient forest there is 300 miles of fungal cells moving things around the forest. Networks are nodes and links; in the forest the nodes are mother trees and the links are fungi. Fungi are neither plant nor animal they are in a kingdom of their own. The mycelium of the fungi is the padding the ancient forest floor. The mushrooms are huge organisms in the forest they are just flat and in the soil. In fact the world’s largest living organism is a fungi in Oregon.

The whole forest floor is literally covered in fungi and the organisms in the soil have to co-evolve with the fungi. Forest networks are organized like our neuro-networks and communication networks. The fungal network is a billion year old organism which allowed life to travel from the oceans to the land. Eventually the plants came into fungal symbiosis (they bonded on a cellular level) which allowed plants to photosynthesize making food from the sunlight. This led to the creation of oxygen which allowed humans to exist.

The mycelium taps into the trees and the trees give the fungi carbon based sugars, the fungi in return provide the trees with nutrients. Many plants are dependent on the fungi for survival such as the Douglas fir which could not exist without the fungi. The fungi are dependent on the trees and the trees are dependent on the fungi. The roots and the fungi are communicating and helping each other in a mutually beneficial co evolution. The fungal network can fill the small spaces and effectively extend the trees root structure. The fungi give the nutrients from fungi to fungi and from tree to tree and to other plants. I would go as far to say that the fungi also attract and give nutrients to humans and animals through the mushrooms.

This transport of nutrients was discovered by tracking the flow of nutrients through tree using radioactive CO2. Days after the tree are introduced to the radioactive CO2 the scientists can track the location of the radioactive CO2. They found the carbon had traveled to the root of the tree and out through the surrounding fungi network sending the nutrients in greatest quantity to the younger most vulnerable trees. The larger tree gives nourishment to the younger seedlings. The mother trees give more nourishment to her own kin and this giving is governed through the fungi.

The mother trees can gather much more sunlight with its impressive height and gives that nourishment to the rest of the forest. The trees are growing up in a family where the mother tree feeds young with the food she gathered. The big trees with large roots are the hubs and the systems in the forest they grow around this tree. The mother trees are like hubs for the forest network. One tree can be linked to hundreds of other trees The biggest trees the send carbon into the networks around them and the carbon is sent everywhere. The more stressed the younger trees the more the big trees give the little ones. The research shows a self-organizing and complex system of social relationships in the forest.


By Transpersonal Spirit


Nature. What Plants Talk about. Merit motion production. Written directed by Erna Buffie. 2013. DVD.

Suzanne Simard. The networked healing of forests. Ted lessons.

Suzanne Simard The Science, Art and Meaning of Forest Wisdom -, Ph.D.

Plant Intelligence

Plant intelligence

eveline hanson gaia mother earth

Eveline Hanson Gaia Mother of Earth

Plants live a secret life which is being revealed by science. The plants have been considered unintelligent for hundreds of years in western culture. The story of Noah’s ark does not mention the plants or the fungi which sustain all animal life. The plants move slowly and thus their behavior is more difficult to observe when compared with animals. Also the majority of the plant is usually found under the soil away from human eyes. The plants do not have a brain or a recognizable nervous system and science has largely assumed this means that plants cannot be intelligent.

Plants can interact with their surrounding environment in astonishing ways. The plants can communicate with each other as well as insects, birds, reptiles and other pollinators. When the movement of the plants is sped up they are very animal like. Plants are not isolated but rather are part of a larger community of organisms such as a forest, prairie or desert.

James (JC) Cahill is investigating if plants behave like animals. The information he has gathered provides evidence that some plants indeed act like animals. The root will seek out areas of nutrients when it find a patch it will slow its growth to consume nourishment. When seeking a distant nutrient patch it will develop and move quickly. This is a typical foraging pattern seen in many animals including human mushroom hunters (more on mushrooms later). The movement of the plant root in slow motion looks much like a worm in soil.

The leaves of many plants will move to capture the movement of light. Many plants become less active and the leaves close at night. The Venus fly trap is another example of a plant which behaves like an animal, it moves quickly as it eats insects and slugs. Plants can also claim territory by killing other plants like the nap weed and other invasive species.

The root structures of even small established plants have over 11,000,000 root tips each tip coordinated and intelligent with its movements. For a plant to move its roots they must grow and even this growth very much resembles the movement of worms. How can a plant coordinate millions of growing roots? The structure of these roots systems is much like the internet with its many independent branches in a network. One can remove 90 percent of the plants root and it can continue to survive the same is true with the internet. Let’s see how complex plant behavior above ground is with the sacred and powerful wild tobacco plant.

Wild Tobacco plant is an amazing plant which Ian Baldwin has studied focusing on its sophisticated ability to respond to threats in its environment. Its seed require a wild fire to begin their growth cycle and they can wait in the soil for hundreds of years for that to occur. The wild tobacco plants are attacked by many bugs and caterpillars in its harsh desert environment. Once attacked it releases a toxin, nicotine, which poisons any organism with muscles and thus poisons my bugs. The horn worm caterpillar eats the tobacco at an amazing speed eating a whole leaf in just minutes. The tobacco is sentient and once the caterpillar’s saliva is on the plant it recognizes its attacker and responds. The Tobacco releases a cry for help using a specific scent which attracts insects like the big eyed bug that attack the caterpillars. The plant knows what bugs to call and how to attract them using chemical volatiles or scents.

The wild tobacco also produces trichomes that have a smell which attracts ground foragers who eat the caterpillars like salamanders. When the caterpillars eat the trichomes they become delicious and easy to find treats for reptiles and rodents. The main pollinator is the Hawk moth which lays the caterpillar eggs. This is why the flowers of the tobacco bloom at night to attract the moth and to reproduce. The moth then lays eggs on the tobacco. Despite the tobaccos defenses they can be overrun with caterpillars. When this occurs the tobacco switches its pollinator. It changes its flowers and they began opening at dawn. The daytime flowers have a different look and smell. The day blooming tobacco flower has different sugar and nectar composition. The flower even changed shape and stopped bring in the hawk moth, instead it began to attract the humming birds. The tobacco chooses to switch its pollinator in just 8 days.

wild tobacco

All these scents, signals and defenses are proving the tobacco plant has incredible awareness of its environment. Furthermore, it has been observed that the surrounding plants are listening in on the signals of the tobacco and may raise their defenses as well. The communities of plants are interacting in complex and adaptive ways. The forest is the best place to observe real living plant communities Suzanne Simard has been studying the forests in Canada and has made ground breaking discoveries, pun intended…. continued in the article Forest intelligence.

By Transpersonal Spirit.



Nature. What Plants Talk about. Merit motion production. Written directed by Erna Buffie. 2013. DVD.

Suzanne Simard. The networked healing of forests. Ted lessons.

Plant Spirit Communication

The spiritual and healing power of plants cannot be denied. How could any human live without the help of the plants? They give us food, medicine, oxygen and so much more. Plants have the power to heal the body, mind and spirit. The study of plant medicine has been ongoing since prehistory and highly developed in the medical systems in India (Ayurveda), China (TCM) and in the western world. Indigenous communities throughout history have developed holistic sciences of botanical healing cross culturally using local plants. We now know many of the chemical constituents of the healing plants and can use many varieties of preparations to aid in healing. Many of these plants have been the foundation for development of pharmaceutical medications.

Juan Carlos Taminchi

Juan Carlos Taminchi

In many indigenous communities plants can play a central role in their traditional and contemporary religious practices. The Native American Church (N.A.C.) uses the sacred sacrament peyote internally and the religion itself could not exist without this central plant teacher. There are many examples of societies using other plant medicines as a sacred sacrament in their spiritual traditions such as ayahuasca, san pedro, datura, marijuana and other lesser known plants. In these cultures the physical plant itself is not the focus but rather the plant is integrated into a complex ritual and spiritual structure. The view of plant medicines as a packet of chemicals which have a certain effect on human chemistry is a contemporary idea which is just now influencing some of the medicine people around the world. Traditional medicine inside indigenous communities focuses on a holistic framework which involves communing with the sacred plant spirits in a special set and setting.

In these indigenous communities the focus is not the material plant but rather on the spirit world. The concept of spirits is difficult to understand in western society because there are no equivalent concepts in modern western worldviews. Every plant has a spirit associated with it, these spirits are not a metaphor but rather they are real intelligences within the plants and all things. The spirits are many and the sacramental use of plants is based in ceremony, ritual, song and communication with the spirit world. These various elements of the ceremony all bring in certain spirits whom are called by the medicine people through the songs, ritual objects and plants. These spirits hear the prayers of the participants and work in the spiritual dimension to bring about the desired healing.

Caught in the Web By Martina Hoffman

Caught in the Web By Martina Hoffman

The plants spirits often remind us that we are just humans and have limited influence but the spirits are powerful and can make magic and miracles happen. Healing in this way comes in the form of psychological, spiritual, physical healing as well as helping with anything in life. If one has no job and asks for a job in these ceremonies they will honor and pray to the spirits to help them get a job. This is part of the healing medicine and is essential to balance the health of the community and the individual. Some wish to see the future or to find happiness and love; others are there to gain power to help others heal or to make peace with a deceased relation. Plants are used to determine the future, to find the cause of disease, to find lost objects, to bring wealth, health and spiritual well-being amongst many other attainments. The central power of the healing medicine is not in the hands of the medicine people who guide the healing rites but is determined by the spirits.

In Plant Spirit Shamanism by Ross Heaven and Howard G. Charing they quote a Santeria priest saying, “As long as the diviner is in good standing with the gods and at one with the plants, he will find the answer his client needs (35).” This clearly illustrates the point that the person leading the healing needs to be connected with the intelligence of the plant and with the various spirits and gods. The plant and the spirits are not mythological beings, archetypes or fantasies but rather they are living creatures with intelligent who can communicate with those who develop an honorable relationship with the plants.

The Secret Life of Plants by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird goes into great detail about many researchers who use biofeedback machines to study the reactions of plants to their surroundings. Clive Backster began to use polygraph equipment to study plants while he worked as an expert in police investigation. By attaching the electrodes to plants he measured the surface tension of the leaves and determined how the plant responded to the stimulus in the same way that a polygraph is used in police interrogation for lie detection. When he would bring a burning match close to a plant it would have a dramatic response with the needle dramatically spiking and waving. Backster began to notice that the response on the polygraph machine occurred when he thought of harming the plant before any physical action was taken. This was repeatedly found in many different plants and all seemed to respond to human thought. The plants also showed reactions to the environment such as the movement of spiders in the room.

Yvonne McGillivary

Yvonne McGillivary

The plants also responded to human emotion. For example, Backster cut his finger and the plant responded as though shocked by the appearance of distress and blood. Later, he discovered that plants developed a connection to their owner and could sense their distress even when they were far away. When Backster walked several blocks away and thought lovingly of the plants they would respond. He repeated the test with friends and their plants would respond much the same way even at a distance of 700 miles. In this test the plants were placed inside a lead container which blocked all electromagnetic energy. He concluded that plants have tremendous awareness and intelligence and they were detecting some force which was outside the electromagnetic spectrum.

Alfred Vogal conducted similar experiments and ultimately came to this conclusion, “Man can and does communicate with plant life…Plants…may be blind deaf and dumb in the human sense, but there is no doubt in my mind that they are extremely sensitive…they radiate energy forces that are beneficial to man. One can feel those forces! They feed into one’s own force-field, which in turn feeds energy back to the plant (43).”

This extreme sensitivity of plants has been further explored by a group of Italians in a unique community known as Damanhur. They have conducted research on plants by attaching electrodes to leaves and routing the signals into a synthesizer instead of the standard polygraph which uses needles which draw lines on paper. They have been perfecting this technology since 1976 and have come to similar conclusions. The observed the plants becoming aware that they are producing the music in the room and begin to make it more harmonious and musical. If multiple plants are hooked up to these machines in the same space they will begin to make music in harmony with one another. If a human preforms music in the room the plants will respond to the human as well. The Damanhurians have videos of humans making music with the plants. When the machine is attached to wild plants in their natural environment they respond to what is around them the weather, animals ect. For example when a storm is approaching the music of the plants will be more chaotic and frantic then it is on a sunny day. (

Damanhur Temples of Humankind. Hall of Earth

Damanhur Temples of Humankind. Hall of Earth

All this suggests that plant have a great deal of intelligence, creativity and psychic powers as well. In other words, the spirit of the plant is very sensitive to humans and their intentions. The medicine people working with sacred plants develop the knowledge of how to communicate with the plants through their traditions, rituals and personal experiences. Ways of honoring the spirits of the plant are developed over millennium and passed down generation to generation. A strong line of communication between the medicine person and the plant spirit develops into a complex ceremonial and ritual structure which is used for greater connection to the universal life force or the Great Spirit. The connection to the supreme life force and its various messengers allows one to become more complete and integrated with the larger universe. This connection to the whole of existence brings about spiritual realization and healing. A medicine man once told me, “Healing is the remembrance of our divinity.”

By: Transpersonal Spirit


Heaven, Ross; Charing, Howard G. Forward by Pablo Amaringo. Plant Spirit Shamanism: Traditional Techniques for Healing the Soul. Destiny Books . Rochester, VT. 2006.